Controlling: Controlling provides you with information for management
decision-making. If facilitates co-ordination, monitoring and optimization of
all process in an organization.
Features of Controlling: Cost Center Accounting, Activity Based Accounting,
Internal Orders, Product Costing, & Profitability Analysis.
Controlling Area: Organization unit that represents a closed system Used for
You can assign one or more company codes to one controlling area.
If you assign more than one company code to one controlling area, then you
need to note the following.
1) Consistent Chart of a/cís (Treat each cost element in all company codes in
2) The Operative fiscal year variants in the company codes must match the fiscal
year variant in controlling area.
3) You should execute period end closing in controlling for all company codes at
4) The system only post reconciliation posting across company codes without
taxes, which means that it cannot automatically create invoice.
5) Maintain controlling area - OKKP .
6) Maintain no. ranges for controlling documents - KANK
7) Maintain versions - OKEQ
COST ELEMENT ACCOUNTING
Cost Elements: Cost Elements Describe the origin of costs. Cost element
classifies the organization valuated consumption of production factors within a
Primary Cost Elements: These arise through the consumption of productions
factors that are sourced externally. Primary cost elements are used for direct
posting and must be accompanied in GL a/cís in FI.
T-code : KA02 : The categories are follows 1) General primary cost element,
03 - Imputed cost element percentage method 4 - Imputed cost element, target =
Actual Method, 11- Revenue elements, & 12 - sales deductions.
Secondary Cost Elements: Cost elements arise through the consumption of
production factorís that are provided internally i.e., by enterprise itself.
Secondary cost elements are used strictly for internal controlling posting like
assessments and settlements. T-code - ka06
Category: 12 - internal settlements, 31 - Result analyses, 41 - overheadís,
42 - assessments etc. Cost Element Group - kah1
Cost Centerís: Organizational Unit within a controlling area that represents
a defined location of cost incurrence. The definition can be based on 1)
Functional Requirement, 2) Allocation criteria, 3) Physical location and 4)
Responsibilities for cost.
Change Cost center hierarchy - OKEON
Creation of Cost Center - KS01
Distribution: Was created to transfer primary costs from a sender cost center
to receiving controlling objects. Distribution is primary cost elements.
Define Distribution - KSV1
Execute ďĒ - KSV5
Assessment: Was created to transfer primary and secondary costs from a
sender cost center to receiving controlling objects.
During assessment, the original cost elements are summarized into assessment
cost elements (secondary cost element, category=42).